Das zu Norwegen gehörende Archipel wird dort auch Svalbard („Kühle Küste“) genannt und ist eines der nördlichsten bewohnten Gebiete der Erde. Svalbard - im deutschen Sprachraum als Spitzbergen bekannt - liegt auf halber Strecke zwischen der nördlichen Spitze Europas und dem. Die Inselgruppe Spitzbergen (auf Norwegisch: Svalbard) befindet sich im Arktischen Ozean zwischen Norwegen und dem Nordpol.
Spitzbergen (Inselgruppe)Svalbard (russisch Grumant), besser bekannt als Spitzbergen, ist ein zu Norwegen gehörender Archipel im Nordpolarmeer. Mitternachtssonne über. Svalbard ist eine Weiterleitung auf diesen Artikel. Zur Gemeinde Svalbarð und anderen Orten dieses Namens in Island siehe Svalbarð (Begriffsklärung). Die Inselgruppe Spitzbergen (auf Norwegisch: Svalbard) befindet sich im Arktischen Ozean zwischen Norwegen und dem Nordpol.
Svalbard Follow Us... VideoA morning on Svalbard - February on an island close to the North Pole Svalbard Tourism: Tripadvisor has 15, reviews of Svalbard Hotels, Attractions, and Restaurants making it your best Svalbard resource. Svalbard (/ ˈ s v ɑː l b ɑːr / SVAHL-bar, Urban East Norwegian: [ˈsvɑ̂ːɫbɑr] (); previously known as Spitsbergen, or Spitzbergen, is a Norwegian archipelago in the Arctic modecideas.comed north of mainland Europe, it is about midway between the northern coast of Norway and the North modecideas.com islands of the group range from 74° to 81° north latitude, and from 10° to 35° east longitude. The Svalbard Islands are located in the Arctic Ocean, halfway between Norway and the North Pole. Here, you will find untouched arctic wilderness and unique wildlife in a setting that is both rugged and fragile at the same time. Svalbard has fascinated travelers for a long time. COVID - Svalbard is open for travellers from the Norwegian mainland. For updated information about travel restrictions to Norway and Svalbard, please click "Read more". Svalbard is the Arctic North as you always dreamed it existed. This wondrous archipelago is a land of dramatic snow-drowned peaks and glaciers, of vast ice fields and forbidding icebergs, an elemental place where the seemingly endless Arctic night and the perpetual sunlight of summer carry a deeper kind of magic.
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Im neuen Sci-Fi-Film Svalbard Titan werden seine Gene verndert, Svalbard jedoch versehentlich Lexa. - Der große Spitzbergen GuideE-Mail: riggen longyearbyen.
Svalbard is large and diverse, boasting nature which is surprisingly rich and extremely varied. At the same time, we have personal experiences of climate change and the threats it poses here in the Arctic, and we are worried about the future.
We love this place and are proud to call ourselves Svalbardians. We also love to receive visitors from all over the world — all year round.
I welcome you to Longyearbyen and Svalbard — and hope you have wonderful, memorable and profound experiences as a guest in our small, local community.
Arctic greetings from The Visit Svalbard Team. Skip To Main Content. Site Search. Activity Planner. NO EN. March Svalbard Ski Marathon April Spitsbergen Marathon 6.
June Longyearbyen Literature Festival 7. September The Beer Festival Taste Svalbard 6. Book Activity.
The seasons There are three main seasons in Svalbard: Polar Summer, Northern Lights Winter and Sunny Winter. Each season has its unique charms and characteristics.
The Midnight Sun, beautiful colours and contrasts add an extra dimension to glaciers, majestic mountain formations and the endless Arctic tundra.
Northern Lights Winter. In late October, the sun casts its last rays over the landscape this year, and Svalbard enters the magical and mythical Northern Lights Winter.
As the light returns, the activity level and energy increases. They are also advised to carry a firearm for use as a last resort.
The polar bear was shot dead. The Svalbard reindeer R. About eighty species of bird are found on Svalbard, most of which are migratory.
The most common are little auk , northern fulmar , thick-billed murre , and black-legged kittiwake. Sixteen species are on the IUCN Red List. The Arctic tern has the furthest migration, all the way to Antarctica.
Rock ptarmigan is the only bird to overwinter. Svalbard has permafrost and tundra , with both low, middle, and high Arctic vegetation. Most of the nature reserves and three of the national parks were created in , with the remaining areas gaining protection in the s.
The total solar eclipse of 20 March included only Svalbard and the Faroe Islands in the band of totality. Many scientists and tourists observed it.
Longyearbyen School serves ages 6— Once pupils reach ages 16 or 17, most families move to mainland Norway. There is a non-degree offering tertiary educational institution in Longyearbyen,  University Centre in Svalbard UNIS , the northernmost tertiary school on Earth.
University Centre in Svalbard UNIS. Association football is the most popular sport in Svalbard. There are three football pitches one at Barentsburg , but no stadiums because of the small population.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Norwegian archipelago in the Arctic Ocean. For the specific island, see Spitsbergen.
For other uses, see Spitzbergen disambiguation and Svalbard disambiguation. Unincorporated internal area of Norway. A sign warning of polar bears on a road in Svalbard.
SJ NO Main article: Geography of Svalbard. Main article: History of Svalbard. See also: Dutch Republic in the Age of Discovery , Early modern Netherlandish cartography , Willem Barentsz , Northeast Passage , Arctic exploration , and Terra nullius.
See also: Dutch mapping of Svalbard. Main article: Svalbard Treaty. Main article: Politics of Svalbard. See also: Visa policy of Svalbard.
This section needs to be updated. The reason given is: Sveagruva has been closed in March . Please update this article to reflect recent events or newly available information.
April Main article: Economy of Svalbard. Main article: Transport in Svalbard. Main article: Climate of Svalbard. Main article: Environment of Svalbard.
See also: Academic grading in Svalbard. Longyearbyen School. Barentsburg School. Retrieved 17 April Statistics Norway. Retrieved 4 July Table 2: Population in the settlements.
Oxford Dictionaries English. Archived from the original on 18 September Retrieved 17 September World Fact Book. Central Intelligence Agency.
Retrieved 24 March Norwegian Polar Institute. Archived from the original on 15 April Archived from the original on 24 March Report No.
Norwegian Ministry of Justice and the Police. Archived from the original on 11 October Retrieved 29 October Fjords and mountains".
Archived from the original on 14 November November University of Nebraska at Omaha. Archived from the original on 28 June The Norway Post.
Norwegian Broadcasting Corporation. Archived from the original on 14 March Archived from the original on 6 June Archived from the original on 3 November Archived from the original on 9 November Per 1 January.
Number of persons". Archived from the original on 23 May Barents Observer. Archived from the original on 20 November Retrieved 26 January Aviation Safety Network.
Archived from the original on 17 April Verdens Gang. Archived from the original on 10 June Folding and faulting have given the islands a mountainous topography , with glaciers and snowfields covering nearly 60 percent of the area.
The western and northern coastlines of Spitsbergen and Nordaust Land are heavily indented by fjords; the east coast of Nordaust Land is formed by a front of inland ice.
Many of the glaciers reach the sea, but in Spitsbergen there are large ice-free valleys. Elsewhere, there are extensive coastal plains, formed by the sea when its level was higher.
The highest measured point, Newton Peak on Spitsbergen, reaches 5, feet 1, metres. The sea around Spitsbergen is shallow, and the pack ice , which readily accumulates, prevents access to most shores except for a few months May or June to October or November.
A branch of the warm North Atlantic Drift , however, moderates the climate and leaves an open passage that permits vessels to approach the western coasts during most months.
Vegetation consists mostly of lichens and mosses ; the only trees are the tiny polar willow and the dwarf birch. Animal life includes polar bear , reindeer , and Arctic fox both blue and white.
In addition, the musk ox was imported from Greenland in Seals , walruses , whales , and land game are now protected by law. Many polar expeditions have made Svalbard their base for scientific purposes.
The first polar exploration was conducted by British Captain C. Phipps in , followed by Norwegian, Swedish, and German groups in the 19th century.
Mapping, polar flights, and geologic surveys continued through the first half of the 20th century. The Norwegian Polar Institute, headquartered in Oslo , furthers the work begun by earlier expeditions.
The population there are no indigenous inhabitants changes seasonally but generally numbers about 3, Rental Cars. Vacation Packages.
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