Radio Caroline ist das erste Privatradio in Großbritannien und ist für die Entwicklung der Popmusik in den er Jahren von zentraler Bedeutung. Radio. ging der legendäre Piratensender Radio Caroline erstmals auf Sendung und ließ die westeuropäische Jugend an den "Swinging Sixties" teilhaben. New music on Radio Caroline this week. Our featured tracks February: Ronnie Atkins –'One Shot' from album 'One Shot'; Black Diamonds – 'Lonesome.
Radio Carolinebekam das Radio eine neue Stimme: Radio Caroline. Allen Widerständen zum Trotz verbreitete der erste Privatsender Englands die Musik einer jungen. Radio Caroline ist das erste Privatradio in Großbritannien und ist für die Entwicklung der Popmusik in den er Jahren von zentraler Bedeutung. Radio Caroline wurde von dem irischen Musikproduzenten Ronan O’Rahilly als Piratensender. New music on Radio Caroline this week. Our featured tracks February: Ronnie Atkins –'One Shot' from album 'One Shot'; Black Diamonds – 'Lonesome.
Radio Caroline ACTUALITE REGIONALE VideoRadio Caroline (1965) Radio Caroline - Radio Caroline plays a huge selection of album tracks from the s right through to now. We broadcast around the world using multiple internet streams in crystal clear stereo. If your musical taste extends beyond the current fad or you want to hear. Radio Caroline was propelled in by Ronan O’Rahilly as an option in contrast to standard radio stations and a dissent against the restraining infrastructure of record organizations who controlled all prominent radio stations. Contacts info of Radio Address: Radio Caroline, PO Box , Maldon, Essex, CM9 9EX Phone: +44 (0) Pure nostalgia from the world-famous former offshore radio station.
Also wechselt Matschke zunchst einmal das Berufsfeld und widmet sich etwas weniger Aufregendem, die zwar gnstigere Die Reise Zur Geheimnisvollen Insel Stream Movie4k aber auch ein abgespecktes Gesamtprogramm haben soll. - Radio Caroline - der vorbildliche PiratensenderDie meisten Hörer wurden auf Radio Caroline durch die Zeitschrift Queen aufmerksam, deren Leiter Jocelyn Stevens sich von der Kooperation eine Leserschaft aus wohlhabenden, vorwiegend Fernsehsender Dmax Teenagern — dem Chelsea Set — versprach. Info Webradio Programm Sendungen A-Z Podcasts Radio Caroline im Überblick Sender: Radio Caroline. Das hatten sie noch nie gehört, das war dem steifen und verstaubten öffentlich-rechtlichen Rundfunk Hubert Aiwanger Fleisch Niederlande in Hilversum völlig Gefragt Gejagt Wiki frech-fröhliche Jingles, englische und amerikanische Popmusik. The Aftermath — Sword from the Stone. Der Amerikaner verkörperte für den Iren ein Streben nach Freiheit, das ihn ebenfalls antrieb.
The Radio Caroline name was used to broadcast from international waters, using five different ships with three different owners, from to , and via satellite from to Since 19 August , Radio Caroline has also broadcast 24 hours a day via the internet and by the occasional restricted service licence.
In May , Ofcom awarded the station an AM band community licence to broadcast to Suffolk and north Essex;  full-time broadcasting, via a previously redundant BBC World Service transmitter mast at Orford Ness , commenced on 22 December Radio Caroline broadcasts music from the s to contemporary, with an emphasis on album-oriented rock AOR and "new" music from "carefully selected albums".
On 1 January , a second channel was launched called Caroline Flashback, playing pop music from the late s to the early s.
News service at peak hours. DJs could choose ordering of oldies — all current pop hits in strict rotation. Radio Caroline was begun by Irish musician manager and businessman Ronan O'Rahilly , after he failed to obtain airplay on Radio Luxembourg for Georgie Fame 's records because the station was committed to sponsored programmes promoting major record labels: EMI , Decca , Pye and Philips.
Encouraged by Scandinavian and Dutch radio pirates, in February O'Rahilly obtained the ton former Danish passenger ferry Fredericia , which was converted into a radio ship at the Irish port of Greenore , owned by O'Rahilly's father.
At the same time, Allan Crawford's Project Atlanta was equipping the MV Mi Amigo at Greenore, where the two competed to be the first on air.
Financial backing for the venture came from six investors, including John Sheffield, chairman of Norcross, Carl "Jimmy" Ross of Ross Foods, and Jocelyn Stevens of Queen magazine, with which Radio Caroline shared its first office.
In an extant photo, Caroline Kennedy and her brother, John F. Kennedy Jr. The Fredericia was renamed MV Caroline and anchored off Felixstowe , Suffolk, where it began test transmissions on Friday, 27 March On Saturday, 28 March, it began regular broadcasting at noon on kHz announced as metres with the opening conducted by Simon Dee.
Radio Caroline's first musical theme was Jimmy McGriff 's "Round Midnight", a jazz standard co-composed by Thelonious Monk.
In March , The Fortunes recorded Caroline , which became the station's theme. Round Midnight was confined to closedown on Radio Caroline North after The World Tomorrow.
The station's slogan was Your all-day music station. The Dutch offshore station Radio Veronica was on kHz and Radio Atlanta broadcast on kHz.
Most of Radio Caroline's pop music programmes were targeted at housewives, and some later programming was aimed at children.
Without serious competition, Radio Caroline gained a regular daytime audience of some 7 million. On 2 July , Radio Atlanta and Radio Caroline's companies, Project Atlanta and Planet Productions, announced the stations were to merge, with Crawford and O'Rahilly as joint managing directors.
It was renamed Radio Caroline South and MV Mi Amigo remained off Frinton-on-Sea while MV Caroline broadcast as Radio Caroline North. MV Caroline sailed from Felixstowe to the Isle of Man , broadcasting as she went.
The only broadcast staff on board were Tom Lodge and Jerry Leighton. MV Caroline arrived at her new anchorage on the southern tip of the Bahama Bank , Ramsey Bay, on 6 July ,  at a position formerly occupied by the Bahama Bank Lightship.
The two stations were able to cover most of the British Isles. Later, some programmes were pre-recorded on land and broadcast simultaneously from both ships.
In October , O'Rahilly bought Crawford's interest in the MV Mi Amigo and engaged Tom Lodge from Radio Caroline North to make programme changes and regain the audience from Radio London.
Lodge hired new DJs and introduced free-form programming which, by August , had succeeded, creating an audience of 23 million. When the US-backed Radio London arrived off the coast of England, there was an unsuccessful attempt to merge its sales operation with that of Caroline before Radio London started transmissions.
The new station introduced British audiences to slick American-style top 40 radio with electronic jingles produced by Dallas-based PAMS , and was an immediate success.
Radio Caroline's first programme, on 28 March , was presented by Chris Moore. Some DJs from the USA and Commonwealth countries, such as Graham Webb , Emperor Rosko , Steve Young, Keith Hampshire , Colin Nicol and Norman St John, were also heard.
DJ Jack Spector , of the WMCA "Good Guys" in New York, regularly recorded for Radio Caroline. Syndicated shows from the US and recorded religious programmes were also broadcast.
BBC Radio 2 newsreader Colin Berry and Classic FM 's Nick Bailey started their careers reading the news on Radio Caroline South.
In mid-September , the crew and DJs on MV Mi Amigo were joined for the weekend by s pop singer Sylvan Whittingham , who visited the ship to promote her single "We Don't Belong".
Whittingham was unable to leave on the tender when a storm arose. The only singer to stay overnight, she helped present programmes, make jingles, and close the station at night.
On 20 January , the MV Mi Amigo lost its anchor in a storm, drifted and ran aground on the beach at Frinton-on-Sea. The crew and broadcasting staff were rescued unharmed, but the ship's hull was damaged and repairs were carried out at Zaandam , Netherlands.
Between 31 January and 1 May, Radio Caroline South broadcast from the vessel Cheeta II , owned by Britt Wadner of Swedish offshore station Radio Syd , which was off the air because of pack ice in the Baltic Sea.
The resulting signal was low-powered, but ensured that Caroline South's advertising revenue would continue. The transmitter was initially too powerful for the antenna insulators.
On 27 April, the Mi Amigo was fully operational. In October , negotiations began for Radio Caroline to take over Radio City , which broadcast from Shivering Sands Army Fort , a Second World War marine fort off the Kent  coast.
One of Radio Caroline's directors, Major Oliver Smedley , formerly of Radio Atlanta, entered a partnership with Radio City's owner, pop group manager Reginald Calvert and installed a more powerful transmitter on the fort.
However, according to Gerry Bishop's book Offshore Radio this transmitter was antiquated and failed to work. Smedley later withdrew from the deal.
On 20 June , Smedley boarded the Shivering Sands Fort with 10 workmen to repossess a transmitter that he had supplied, but had not been paid for.
The next day, Calvert visited Smedley's home in Saffron Walden, Essex, to demand the departure of the raiders and the return of vital transmitter parts.
During a violent struggle, Calvert was shot dead. Smedley's men occupied the fort until 22 June. Smedley was charged with Calvert's murder on 18 July, but this was reduced to a charge of manslaughter.
Smedley's trial opened on 11 October at Chemlsford Assizes, where the jury acquitted him. In an earlier House of Commons debate in June , the government had claimed that the pirate ships were a danger because of radio frequency interference to emergency shipping channels, and to overseas radio stations and the pirates were paying no royalties to artists, composers or record companies.
Furthermore, it was stated that the pirates' use of wavelengths also broke international agreements. Two Radio and Radio London of the remaining four UK-based offshore stations closed, but the two Caroline ships continued with their supply operation moved to Netherlands waters, where unlicensed ship-based broadcasting was not outlawed until Broadcasting Offences Act become law on 14 August , Radio Caroline was renamed Radio Caroline International.
Six weeks later, the BBC introduced its new national pop station Radio 1 , modelled largely on the successful offshore station Radio London, and employed many of the ex-pirate DJs.
The BBC Light , Third , and Home programmes became Radios 2 , 3 and 4 respectively. On 3 March , the radio ships Mi Amigo and Caroline , were boarded and seized before the day's broadcasting began.
They were towed to Amsterdam by a salvage company to secure unpaid bills for servicing by the Dutch tender company Wijsmuller Transport . Because of the rise of land-based pirate stations after the MOA became law usually stations run from bedrooms or outdoor sheds with small wattage transmitters , at least two stations broadcast using the Caroline name, one based in Dublin.
These broadcasts took place between and On 24 March , a radio ship named Mebo II anchored off the east coast of England during the UK general election campaign, broadcasting as Radio North Sea International RNI.
RNI operated on medium wave, short wave and FM. Its medium wave transmission was jammed by the UK authorities and on 13 June, RNI changed its name to Radio Caroline International with co-operation from Ronan O'Rahilly.
Radio Caroline lobbied against the Labour Party , for the Conservative Party and for the introduction of licensed commercial radio in the United Kingdom.
Following the election, RNI resumed its original name but jamming continued under the newly-elected Conservative government.
News stories appeared in Europe  announcing the start of Caroline Television  from two Super Constellation aircraft using Stratovision technology.
One would circle over the North Sea in international air space near the United Kingdom, while the other remained on standby.
Presentations were made to US advertising agencies. These stories continued and included co-operation by a former member of the Beatles and a sign-on date of 1 July; the station failed to appear.
In , MV Mi Amigo was bought for her scrap value at auction by enthusiast Gerard van Dam, who intended to use her as a free radio museum.
O'Rahilly promised financial backing if van Dam could return the ship to broadcasting condition. That autumn various tests, consisting of continuous music, were made on metres.
The station restarted just before Christmas as Radio but soon became Radio Caroline, with a Top 40 format.
DJs Chris Cary, broadcasting as Spangles Muldoon who was also station manager , Roger 'Twiggy' Day , Andy Archer, Paul Alexander , Steve England , Johnny Jason and Peter Chicago real name Peter Murtha  manned the station.
In late , Radio Caroline had money problems. On 28 December, unpaid crew cut the Mi Amigo' s generator fuel line and departed.
Later that day, the Dutch Royal Navy returned the crew and fighting broke out on board. Two days later, Mi Amigo was towed to IJmuiden and seized because of unpaid bills.
The ship was further delayed by hull damage, and repaired before writs could be issued. Between 11 and 20 April , the ship broadcast for Radio Veronica while its ship, the Norderney , was aground.
Because of a law that allows pirates in distress to come ashore without arrest, the running aground had no consequences for the crew. Two aerials and twin transmitters were used for about six weeks until the aerial mast failed.
To accommodate the second aerial, a second short mast, just in front of the bridge, was employed as the other end of the aerial fixed to the main mast.
Around this time, O'Rahilly decided Caroline should adopt an album format similar to FM progressive rock stations in the US, an audience not catered for in Europe.
This service was Radio Seagull and broadcast live during the evening. The first was a Belgian station called Radio Atlantis , owned by Belgian businessman Adriaan van Landschoot.
Rough weather sometimes prevented tapes from arriving and old programmes had to be repeated. Radio Seagull became Radio Caroline on 23 February , retaining the album format.
Throughout most of the s, Radio Caroline could be heard only at night, calling itself "Europe's first and only album station".
Another Belgian station, Radio Mi Amigo International , launched on 1 January ; it was run by Belgian businessman and Suzy Waffles owner Sylvain Tack.
Here they produced programmes for Dutch-speaking holidaymakers, mostly Europop , Top 40 , MOR and Dutch language popular music presented by Belgian, Dutch and occasionally English DJs with frequent commercials.
Because commercial radio was prohibited in Belgium, Radio Mi Amigo had little competition from the former BRT State Radio and TV today VRT Flemisch State radio and TV and became very popular in Belgium, the Netherlands and the UK.
For the first years, advertising on the station was in demand. When Radio Veronica closed in , some presenters moved to Radio Mi Amigo. Caroline's album format meant that, although the station served a gap in the market, its audience was smaller than in the s.
Caroline also promoted O'Rahilly's concept of Loving Awareness LA , a far-eastern philosophy of love and peace. Some DJs were embarrassed but some were fascinated by the challenge of an abstract concept.
Disc jockey Tony Allan developed a following, combining Loving Awareness with a professional style, humanity, knowledge of music and rich radio voice.
In , O'Rahilly set up a pop group called The Loving Awareness Band, comprising John Turnbull guitar and Mick Gallagher keyboards both formerly of Skip Bifferty and two session musicians, Norman Watt-Roy bass and Charlie Charles drums.
In , The Loving Awareness Band released their only album, Loving Awareness on More Love Records ML , a label set up by O'Rahilly.
The band broke up in ; Watt-Roy and Charles played on Ian Dury 's New Boots and Panties!! The Dutch government banned unlicensed offshore radio on 1 September Radio Caroline continued, moving its headquarters and servicing operation to Spain.
After 31 August, shows for Radio Mi Amigo were delivered on cassettes rather than reel-to-reel tapes. Beginning in , the cassettes were transported from Playa d'Aro on the Europa Bus service, which carried people from Amsterdam to Madrid at low prices.
The tapes were picked up in Belgium at a bus stop, taken to a small sports plane and dropped in the sea close to the radio ship. The Mi Amigo "Top 50" tapes were flown over by helicopter to get them on board more quickly.
On 1 September, a small motor launch had difficulties in rough seas. A coastguard vessel escorted the launch back to shore, but the authorities were unhappy that Caroline listeners had jammed the emergency switchboards.
The Mi Amigo was tendered clandestinely from Britain, France, Belgium and the Netherlands. Tenders and boat owners were warned, and some were prosecuted for ferrying staff and provisions to the ship.
Belgium had outlawed offshore radio in and prosecuted advertisers, cutting the station's revenue. Belgian courts sentenced Tack and some DJs to fines and jail in absentia , although the prison terms were later cancelled.
The two stations experimented with different frequencies. Radio Caroline had greater night-time interference, and it was decided to move Caroline to a new frequency.
On 3 March , Caroline closed, announcing that it would return six days later on metres. This gave reasonable reception by day but strong heterodyne interference at night because the transmitter crystal was off-channel.
On 20 October , technical and financial problems put the Mi Amigo off the air. Unhappy at the loss of advertising, Radio Mi Amigo terminated its contract with Caroline in November and broadcast from its own ship, the MV Magdalena later that year, but this was short-lived.
On 19 January , the aging ship took in water and a lifeboat was called to rescue the crew members. The first record played was Fool If You Think It's Over , by Chris Rea , dedicated to the British Home Office.
Just after midnight GMT on 20 March , the Mi Amigo foundered in a storm after losing its anchor and drifting. It began taking in water and the crew was rescued by lifeboat.
Three British nationals, a Dutchman and their canary named Wilson after the former Labour Prime Minister Harold Wilson were rescued.
The last broadcast from the Mi Amigo was by Stevie Gordon and Tom Anderson: . Gordon : Well, we're sorry to tell you that due to the severe weather conditions and the fact that we are shipping quite a lot of water, we are closing down, and the crew are at this stage leaving the ship.
Obviously, we hope to be back with you as soon as possible, but just for the moment we would like to say goodbye.
Anderson : It's not a very good occasion really, we have to hurry this because the lifeboat is standing by. We're not leaving and disappearing, we're going onto the lifeboat hoping that the pumps can take it; if they can, we'll be back, if not, well, we really don't like to say it.
Gordon : I think we'll be back in one way or another. Anderson : Yeah. I think so. Gordon : For the moment from all of us, goodbye and God bless.
The crew of the Sheerness lifeboat Helen Turnbull were commended for the rescue of broadcasters Tom Anderson, Stevie Gordon, Nick Richards and Hans Verlaan from Mi Amigo while it was sinking in the Black Deep near Long Sand Bank.
Having to manoeuvre the lifeboat alongside the stricken vessel 13 times in high seas and a north-easterly gale earned Coxswain Charles Bowry an RNLI Silver Medal.
Each of his crew was awarded The Thanks of the Institution on vellum. The station restarted in August from a new radio ship, the MV Ross Revenge , an ex- North Sea factory fishing trawler used during the Anglo-Icelandic Cod War by Ross Fisheries.
It left Spain, with an incomplete studio, to avoid legal entanglements. Radio Caroline began to broadcast from the ship on 19 August , with unwanted mechanical sounds on speech.
The station was opened by DJ Tom Anderson, who had said "goodbye" from the sinking Mi Amigo in O'Rahilly wanted Radio Caroline to become an oldies station.
He was opposed by some DJs and crew who had worked on the Mi Amigo and the album format stayed along with presenters such as Andy Archer , Samantha Dubois , Grant Benson , Robin Ross and Simon Barrett.
Officially, Radio Caroline was managed from offices in North America, with advertising from the US and Canada. In practice, day-to-day servicing was carried from France and the UK.
From the anchorage in the Knock Deep the Mi Amigo' s mast could be seen on the horizon. Four studios were on board, enabling other services.
European medium wave channels had been reallocated to multiples of nine. In the evenings on , some alternative music programmes were tried, including the reggae "Jamming ", and in and early , a progressive and indie rock programme called Caroline Overdrive hosted by Tom Anderson, Fergie McNeal, Andy Johnson, Stevie Lane, Mark Matthews, Kevin Turner, Peter Phillips, Mick Williams a.
Ray Clark and Rob Charles. On 9 August , an official vessel anchored yards from the Ross Revenge.
The UK Department of Trade and Industry DTI put a permanent watch on movements around the Ross Revenge and the MV Communicator , Laser ' s ship.
A great album station with ace DJs like Nigel Harris, Gary Zeipe, Jerry Wright and the best breakfast DJ ever Tony Paul.
Only one set of adverts an hour and no phone ins or endless DJ inane banter, just more music. The only station with its own ship!
Way back in i was 17yrs of age,i rode a big motorbike,had long hair, and then my world was awakened by RADIO CAROLINE and a dj who went by the name of THE EMPEROR ROSKO and i was hooked.
Great rock station i hear for the firs in the 70 the lp track station with Status quo, Who, B J Harvest,, Deep Purpel , and more!
I found Radio Caroline using a frequency tracker for all radio stations in the world, it is a great radio and has a really cool music program.
Every day joing the wonderful music and nice dj's voices. There was a time when this radio station was extremely popular, but it always had semi-legal and sometimes illegal status.
Radio Caroline changed the ships several times and was sponsored by different people at different periods. People say that at some point even George Harrison funded them.
It plays album-oriented rock from the s to the present. At our website you can listen to Radio Caroline online. Bookmark this page with a live stream or download our free app to listen on your smartphone.
Boris Johnson about death of Captain Sir Tom Moore who raised millions to fight COVID in UK. Captain Sir Tom Moore was a hero in the truest sense of the word.
He became not just a national inspiration but a beacon of hope for the world. You can leave your e-mail and we will let you know when the broadcast of the station will be online again: Or listen to the other United Kingdom stations.
Kings of Leon — The Face. Weezer — All My Friends Are Insects. Action Action Replay — The Chronic. Blackcat Butterfly — What Are We Waiting For?
Pale Waves — She's My Religion.